Data about transplants using unrelated marrow donors and umbilical cord blood units from the donor registry of the C.W. Bill Young Cell Transplantation Program (Program), including the National Cord Blood Inventory, are reported annually.
These data include the number of transplants performed along with the following information:
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Since the registry was established in 1987, it has facilitated nearly 68,000 marrow and cord blood transplants for patients who do not have a matching donor in their family. In 2014, the registry facilitated nearly 6,300 transplants.
The blood cancers (hematologic malignancies) for which patients received an unrelated bone marrow or cord blood unit transplant most often during 2014 were:
The number of transplants continues to increase, with the largest areas of growth in AML, ALL and MDS.
In 2014, children (0 to 17 years) received 19 percent of transplants, adults 18 to 50 years received 35 percent of transplants, adults 51 to 64 years received 32 percent of transplants, and adults over age 65 received 15 percent of transplants.
(Numbers may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.)
For the last several years, transplants have increased steadily for patients of most races.
Since 2005, transplants for patients who reported their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino has remained steady, often increasing.
During 2014, cord blood units were used in 960 transplants. The National Cord Blood Inventory provided 544 cord blood units for these transplants.
Also, 1,225 transplants were performed using bone marrow and 4,068 transplants used peripheral blood stem cells.
In 2014, cord blood was used to help 31 percent of patients from all races who received a transplant.
More than one-fourth of patients who recorded their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino received a cord blood transplant.
*Patients are asked to record both their race and ethnicity. Patients who indicated their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino are also included in the race data.
Find more information about patient survival using marrow donors or donated cord blood units from the registry.